China's National People's Congress formulated National Security Law for Hong Kong and listed it in Annex III to the HKSAR Basic Law to be gazetted and enacted in Hong Kong by the SAR government, the spokesperson said in a statement, according to Xinhua.
"It is a landmark in the practice of 'one country, two systems' and a strong institutional guarantee for upholding national sovereignty, security and development interests, safeguarding lasting security, prosperity and stability in Hong Kong, and ensuring the steady implementation of 'one country, two systems.' The implementation of the said law will strengthen Hong Kong's legal framework, ensure social order, improve the business environment, and benefit Hong Kong citizens and international investors," the spokesperson added.
The spokesperson noted that the Chinese central government has extensively solicited opinions from all walks of life in Hong Kong to ensure the legislation is scientific, democratic and legal.
"The National Security Law attaches great importance to respecting and protecting human rights which is an important principle of the rule of law, and protects the rights and freedoms enjoyed by Hong Kong residents according to law. The above legislation has received wide support from all walks of life in Hong Kong, and most countries in the international community also fully understand and respect China's legitimate efforts to safeguard national security," the spokesperson said.
The spokesperson pointed out that some Western countries including Canada have been meddling in Hong Kong affairs under the pretext of human rights, seriously violating international law and basic norms of international relations, and fully exposing their double standards on the issues of national security and real intention to flagrantly interfere in other countries' internal affairs. "They are unable to represent the international community at all and their attempts are doomed to fail."
"Hong Kong affairs are entirely China's internal affairs and allow no foreign interference. The Chinese government is firm in its determination to safeguard China's sovereignty, security and development interests, to implement the principle of 'one country, two systems' and to oppose any external interference in Hong Kong affairs," the spokesperson continued.
"We urge the Canadian side to view the National Security Law in a fair, objective manner, immediately stop interfering in Hong Kong affairs and China's domestic affairs in any way," the spokesperson added.
On Friday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that Canada is suspending its extradition treaty with Hong Kong and taking other steps to treat the region in the same manner as mainland China in light of new national security legislation, according to CTV News.
"After studying the legislation and its impact, Canada will treat exports of sensitive goods to Hong Kong in the same way as those destined for mainland China," Trudeau said, speaking from an Outaouais food bank.
He added that the government will not permit the export of sensitive military items to the region.
"We are also suspending the Canada-Hong Kong extradition treaty, and updating our travel advisory for Hong Kong," Trudeau stated.
The announcement came after the controversial national security law was promulgated in Hong Kong late Tuesday.
"Canada is a firm believer in the one country, two system framework. We will continue to support the many connections between Canada and Hong Kong, while also standing up for its people," Trudeau said.
He also noted that Canada is considering taking other action too.
"In the days and weeks to come, we're also looking at additional measures including around immigration," Trudeau added.